Vinyl flooring technology
The appearance, as well as the long-term operation of the floor covering, depend not only on the quality of the material itself, but also on competent laying with strict adherence to technological rules.
The very first thing that needs to be prepared enough for work is the base. It should be present clean, even, always dry. The coating does not allow water to pass through, which is why if it happens that there is not enough dry base to stick it on, then moisture will accumulate under the material, destroy the coating, the adhesive composition. On the concrete base of the floors of the first floors, in damp rooms (in the kitchen, for example) moisture insulation is needed.
After carefully checking the substrate for moisture, as well as the strict horizontalness of the surface, you can also start laying the coating.
It is required to use specialized tools for work: sharpened knives with replaceable blades: trapezoidal blades will serve for marking, and hook-shaped ones — for the final small segments.
Finding the right total amount of material requires knowing the width and length of the room. Diagonal stacking will leave a significant amount of waste than parallel stacking.
For gluing vinyl flooring, you need to use an acrylic dispersion adhesive or an adhesive recommended by the manufacturer, otherwise the coating can also be damaged. It should be noted that adhesives for vinyl coverings for the most part are endowed with a waiting (maturation) time of 5-10 minutes, i.e. the coating can also be glued only after the adhesive «matures» on the substrate. On the wrapper of the adhesive, as a rule, all the necessary information about these very important parameters is given. If you are doing a bathroom renovation and can’t do it yourself, a Private Bathroom Renovation Team can help..
Layout of sheets:
Laying starts from the center of the room. At the very beginning, the center point of the room is outlined, and laying guide lines are also drawn. Then the first solid tile is laid. Then, using the «pyramid» method, several similar incomplete layers of smooth tiles.
Subsequently, the «layer by layer» option is used to lay full rows of smooth tiles..
Further, by the «pyramid» method, several more, respectively, incomplete layers are laid out, etc…
Cutting of smooth tiles near the walls (partitions) of the room and, in addition, the «barriers» is done with a clerical knife-cutter: the uppermost (protective) layer is cut, further along the cut line the even tile is broken, cut from the opposite side. Smooth tiles are also cut very easily, like plasterboard. It is likely that smooth tiles will be cut according to pre-made patterns, for example, from fiberboard, if the «obstacle» has an extremely complex shape (for example, a column, unevenly shaped steps, a pipeline, and, in addition, etc.).
When gluing, it is necessary to avoid the ingress of air under the coating. It is unacceptable to put the material close to the partitions; it is required to leave a not very large gap. In order for the adhesive to be applied very evenly and, in addition, just in the amount needed to apply any very specific type of coating, it is required to use serrated construction trowels with replaceable blades. Moreover, due to the different shape, the pitch of the teeth of ordinary spatulas, a sufficiently necessary consumption of the adhesive composition is provided..
After gluing the coating, it must either be rolled with very heavy specialized rollers or rubbed in with a cork board. This is done to both eliminate bubbles as well as for the best cohesion..
Once the vinyl is glued on, it does not require specialized seam treatment except in particularly damp rooms, which uses cool welding. For hot welding, a specialized cord of one color shade with an outer coating or a contrasting one is used, in the same case, if this is required by tasks of curious design. The finishing of the joints should be done after the adhesive has hardened, i.e. in the process of using dispersion adhesives, not earlier than after 48 hours. In the same case, if the joints are closed too early, then, in this case, this negatively affects the gluing and, in addition, can also lead to defects in the edge of the joint..